February 10, 2019


The referenced article was written by Albert Z. Carr. In his article, Carr compares business to the game of poker in which bluffing is okay if all the players know. Editor’s note: This is an excerpt from “Business Ethics Perspectives on in the prestigious Harvard Business Review, the author, Albert. Carr In the same article, Carr goes on to assert the legitimacy of lying on one’s résumé. The Role of Moral Intensity and Fairness Perception in Judgments of Ethicality: A Comparison of Managerial Professionals and the General Public.

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Business Ethics and Politics.

Is business bluffing ethical?

Will the Ethics of Business Change? If bluffing were to be used by the company to maximize profits, than there would be no problem because that is the essence of the narrow version. Gautschi – – Journal of Bbusiness Ethics 7 4: It is usually just an exaggeration of a true fact.

This raises an important point regarding business ethics in general. A second point is that business in general only has the obligation to follow the law.

Albert Z. Carr, Is business bluffing ethical? – PhilPapers

Let us create a perfect busniess for you today! Different ethics in business. Business people dont mind business bluffing being universalized. Thus in the case of business bluffing, it is possible for it to become a universal practice in the business sector.

As a matter of fact, bluffing passes the test of universality at this point. Not only is this the case, but also everyone expects that you will only follow the law.


Fritz Allhoff – – Journal of Business Ethics 45 4: If a firm gets what it wants bisiness bluffing, the maxim of the action can be universalized because the firm allows that every other firms use business bluffing all the time, even to itself.

Or as Carr more politely puts it, bluff.

This is not only the case with shampoo commercials, but all kinds of other products. To ethicwl it all, the Utilitarian theory is very practical in this case, because profit is the goal for most businesses and satisfying needs is the goal of consumers. Is Business Bluffing Ethical – 1, words Search. Of course, there are rules to the game and certain things constitute cheating. Empiricism in Business Ethics: Bluffing, according to Carr, is not entirely cheating but not entirely telling the truth either.

That is, if everyone in the business world is bluffing then the only rational strategy for me is to bluff. Most people think that bluffing both inside and outside of business should be ruled by the same moral standard. Consider the example he cites about an applicant filling out a psychological profile.

Morality in business is insured by obeying the law the letter, not necessarily the spirit, of the law. Therefore, bluffing produces more albetr for more people than being completely honest. Typical business practices violate the rules of ordinary morality e. So much of the discussion of issues in the business world relates to how things are.

Ideally your duty is not dictated by what others are doing but the simple fact is that if doing your duty puts you in danger and would be wholly ineffective there is a good case to be made on practical grounds for you not being bound by your duty.

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Business Bluffing – Business Ethics

His argument for this seems to rest on the presumption that the business world is, in some sense, fundamentally different than the world of private morality. But, in that is exactly what Albert Carr seemed to do in his article by asking the question: The poker analogy argument: Also, once you equate ethical albrrt with following the law you send a signal that if businesses need ethical improvement that means there needs to be more law and regulation of business.

Both of these are satisfied by business bluffing and so this theory seems car work well for business bluffing. Products without bluffing are hard to sell compared to products with bluffing involved. Singer – – Journal of Business Ethics 15 4: Ethics, Deception and Labor Negotiation. Carr seems to take as his starting point a catch After all, it would be ineffective. A Response to Two Arguments.

Murrmann – – Journal of Business Ethics 1 1: Thus, business bluffing, according to Utilitarianism, is morally right inside of business. From the view point of Kant’s ethical theory, if the rules for business bluffing are used outside the business field, it may run into logical contradictions and contradictions between two wills.

Its Demise as a Subject Unto Itself.